10 Signs and Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis. The plantar fascia connects the front of the foot to the heel; this thin ligament supports the arch and enables mobility. Occasionally, this ligament is overused and/or over-stretched and develops minute tears. Repeated use of the damaged ligament results in inflammation and then plantar fasciitis can occur.
Sharp, stabbing pain on the bottom of the foot near the heel may be the initial complaint and it can occur suddenly. Plantar fasciitis is a very common orthopedic complaint and is often referred to as a runner’s heel. Some individuals are more likely to develop plantar fasciitis than others and influencing factors can be genetic, structural, age-related,health-related, or as a result of lifestyle.
Generally, plantar fasciitis is more common in middle-aged and older adults although it can occur in younger people as well. If you suspect that you have plantar fasciitis are developing it, you should seek medical help. Sometimes plantar fasciitis can be confused with Achilles tendinitis, but the two are significantly different; thus they need medical advice. Although bone spurs frequently accompany the onset of plantar fasciitis, there is at this point no definite correlation between the two.
We’ve compiled the 10 most common signs of Plantar Fasciitis.
1. Unidentifiable Discomfort. If it feels like there is a pebble in your shoe and under your heel but there is, in fact, no pebble in your shoe, then plantar fasciitis may be developing. This is particularly true if you wear heavy shoes that lack flexibility because that puts significant strain on the plantar fascia every time you take a step.
2. Morning Pain. When you arise in the morning, you may experience significant pain in the bottom of one foot back by the heel.
The pain may subside after a few minutes of use but it returns when you sit or stand for any length of time. This is a classic sign of plantar fasciitis.
3. Tight Achilles Tendons. If you have tight Achilles tendons, you are more inclined to develop plantar fasciitis. If dorsiflexion of the foot is difficult,that is, you can’t slant the toes toward the body when in a seated position, then you may have a tight Achilles tendon.
This encourages the onset of plantar fasciitis.
4. Tight Calf Muscles. If you have tight calf muscles, your Achillescan be strained and this encourages the onset of plantar fasciitis. When your calf muscles are tight, they inhibit the proper flexion of the foot, which can trigger the onset of plantar fasciitis.
5. Pregnancy. If you are pregnant, particularly in the later stages, your feet are probably aching and swollen. Pregnancy affects all parts of the body and the feet are no exception. Flat feet are a common side effect of pregnancy due to the changes in balance and posture; this is a common contributor to plantar fasciitis. Due to weight gain, water retention, and other factors, pregnancy is a frequent trigger for plantar fasciitis.
If you are pregnant and experiencing foot problems, be sure to notify your medical practitioner right away.
6. Improper Gait. Poor walking habits can contribute to the onset of plantar fasciitis. Those who stride with a long, firm, heel-downstep are at a much higher risk of developing plantar fasciitis because of the force constantly inflicted on the heel. Shorter steps that land more on the foot than the heel are more beneficial for the foot and are less likely to trigger plantar fasciitis.
This is particularly true for those in the military and long-distance runners. Marching uses the heel-down stride, usually with some force; habitual marchers can be subject to recurrent bouts of plantar fasciitis. Likewise, long-distance runners use the same heel-down stride, which encourages the onset of plantar fasciitis.
7. Leg Length Imbalance. If the length of your legs differs significantly one from the other, then you have a greater risk of developing plantar fasciitis.
This is due to the increased stress placed on the longer limb as well as the postural imbalance caused by two limbs of significantly different lengths.
8. Obesity. If you are obese, you have more than a 70percent higher propensity to develop plantar fasciitis than someone of a normal height to weight ratio. Obesity necessitates shorter steps and a more sedate gait, among other factors, that encourage the development of plantar fasciitis.
9. Unilateral Foot Pain. The pain is unilateral, that is it is isolated to one foot. Occasionally, both feet are affected but in approximately 75 percent of reported cases of plantar fasciitis, the pain is isolated to one foot, with neither side having predominance.
10. Poorly Fitting Footwear. Shoes that are worn out or that fit poorly may encourage the development of plantar fasciitis because they provide inadequate support. This may include poor arch support and/or improper dorsiflexion of the foot and/or impaired plantarflexion of the ankle.